Italy by train

Map with main train routes in Italy

Italy’s extensive train network takes you everywhere, from the ancient relics of Pompeii to the spectacular Tuscan coastline. Discover the many treasures of Rome and Florence, go shopping in Milan and explore the canals of Venice by gondola. There is so much to see and do in Italy, and with a Eurail pass, the entire country is within your reach!

Italy in images
Train types in Italy
Domestic connections in Italy
International connections to and from Italy
Reservations for trains in Italy
Rail passes for Italy
Places to visit in Italy
Events in Italy
Benefits in Italy
More about Italy

Italy in images

Coliseum of Rome

Coliseum of Rome

Duomo of Florence

Duomo of Florence

View of the Grand Canal in Venice

View of the Grand Canal in Venice

View of Naples

View of Naples

View of Cinque Terre

View of Cinque Terre

Train types in Italy


A range of Italian trains will transport you across the whole of Italy and its islands, and to and from other European countries by day and night. The majority of the Italian network is operated by Trenitalia. Use the Eurail train timetable or Trenitalia timetable to check times for trains in Italy.

Regional trains in Italy

Italy's regional and InterCity trains operate frequent services across the whole of Italy, including routes through the islands of Sardinia and Sicily. It’s on these trains that you’ll meet Italians going about their daily lives.

Regional trains in Italy:

  • Trenord regionale trains cover the central northern region of Lombardy (Lombardia), which borders Switzerland.

  • InterCity trains connect key cities like Rome, Milan, Venice and Florence. They are relatively fast and make fewer stops than regional trains.

  • The Leonardo Express is an airport express train that runs between Rome and Fiumicino Airport. This train has 1st class seats only, so to make use of it you need to travel with a 1st class Eurail pass.


On the Eurail timetable InterCity trains are listed as "IC", and Trenitalia regional trains as "R". Trenord regional trains are only shown on the Trenitalia timetable and not on the Eurail timetable. They are named "Regionale". Regional trains do not require seat reservations. Reservations are however mandatory for InterCity trains during high season (May - September) and public holidays.

High-speed trains in Italy

High-speed train at the station, Italy

Le Frecce trains (formerly known as Eurostar Italia) are Trenitalia’s modern and comfortable high-speed trains that get you to all the popular Italian cities. All trains have: air-conditioning, large luggage racks, power sockets for electronic devices, plus refreshments and usually a restaurant car.


Trenitalia operates 3 Le Frecce (Eurostar Italia) high-speed trains:

  • Frecciarossa connects the main Italian cities from north to south.

  • Frecciargento connects Rome to the main cities in the northeast and south of Italy.

  • Frecciabianca connects Turin and Milan to Italian cities in the northeast of Italy.


On the Eurail timetable Frecciarossa trains are shown as "FR", Frecciargento as "FA" and Frecciabianca as "FB". The Trenitalia timetable lists the specific Italian name, e.g. "Frecciarossa". These trains always require a seat reservation.

Night trains in and between Italy

Map with night train routes in Italy

International night trains: 

Night trains connect Italy with Austria, Germany and Spain, saving you travel time and money.

These night trains operate to and from Italy:


The Thello night train operates on the following routes:

  • Paris – Milan – Verona – Venice

  • Paris – Florence – Rome


Eurail passes are not valid on the Thello as it is operated by a private railway company.

Domestic night trains:

Travel between the north and south of Italy by night, saving you precious travel time while you sleep.There is a domestic night train operating in Italy:

  • InterCity Notte: Milan – Genova – Pisa – Livorno – Salerno – Catania (Sicily). This is a unique journey as the train is transported by boat across the Strait of Messina.


Euronight Allegro and Toscana Mare trains appear on the Eurail timetable as "EN". City Night Line appears as "CNL". InterCity Notte appears on the Eurail timetable as "ICN". On the Trenitalia timetable it is simply listed as "InterCityNotte". You are required to book sleeping accommodation in advance.

Scenic train routes in Italy

There are 2 scenic train routes that cross into Italy:


Domestic connections in Italy

Map with popular connection in Italy

Map with popular connection in Italy

View approximate train travel times between Italy's top cities using regional and high-speed trains:


From To High-speed train Regional train
Rome Florence 1hr 30min 3hr 30min
Rome Milan 3hr 9hr
Rome Venice 4hr 8hr
Florence Milan 2hr 5hr
Florence Venice 2hr 4hr
Pisa Florence - 1hr
Venice Milan - 2hr 30min

International connections to and from Italy


We suggest the following routes to travel between Italy and other European countries:

  • France – Italy
    Take the French SNCF regional train to Ventimiglia on the Italian border, followed by a direct InterCity train to Milan (4hr) or Genova (2hr), where you can connect  to trains across Italy.
    View more train routes between France and Italy.

  • Switzerland – Italy
    Travel by EuroCity (EC) train direct to Milan from the Swiss cities of Bern (3hr), Geneva (4hr) and Zurich (3hr 30min).

  • Austria – Italy
    Arrive in Venice from Innsbruck (7hr 30min) on the City Night Line night train, or take the EuroNight Allegro night train from Vienna to Milan (14hr), Venice (12hr) or Rome (14hr). There is also a EuroCity day train between Innsbruck and Venice (5hr).
    Travel for free on MICOTRA trains on the route Udine – Villach.

  • Germany – Italy
    Travel from Munich to Venice (9hr) on the City Night Line night train, or travel by day on EuroCity between Munich and Venice.

  • Slovenia – Italy
    Take a regional train from the Slovenian city Jessenice to the Italian border town Gorizia, and connect with another regional train to Trieste (4hr) or Venice (5hr).

International ferry routes to and from Italy

You can also travel to and from Italy by ferry. Certain ferries are discounted or free for Eurail pass holders.

  • Spain – Italy
    Travel by ferry from Barcelona in Spain to Livorno, Civitavecchia and Porto Torres (Sardinia) in Italy with Grimaldi Lines. Get a 20% discount with Eurail Italy Pass.

  • Greece – Italy
    Sail with Minoan Lines from Igoumenitsa or Patras in Greece to Ancona on Italy's Adriatic coast. Get free and discounted travel with a Eurail Italy Pass.

  • Tunisia – Italy
    Go by ferry from Tunis to Palermo (Sicily), Trapani (Sicily), Civitavecchia and Salerno with Grimaldi Lines. Get a 20% discount with Eurail Italy Passes.

  • Malta – Italy
    Travel by ferry from Valetta to Civitavecchia in Italy with Grimaldi Lines. Get a 20% discount with a Eurail Italy Pass.

Reservations for trains in Italy


Trenitalia regional trains do not require reservations. As for the InterCity trains you only need to reserve a seat during the busy summer period (May-September) and on public holidays. If you want to travel between Italy's cities on high-speed Le Frecce trains, you'll need to make a reservation in advance. Reservations are also required for night trains; prices depend on the type of sleeping accommodation you choose. All the trains listed above are included in the Eurail Italy Pass, you only need to make reservations for the trains mentioned.

How to make reservations for Italian trains

You can make reservations for domestic and international high-speed trains and night trains:


Please note that the number of seats available for Eurail pass holders is limited on the TGV high-speed train from Paris to Milan. Tickets for this route can't be bought at Italian train stations. To book this train, visit the RailEurope office near Milan Central Station (Milano Centrale).

Address: Via Vitruvio 1. 20124 Milano
Phone number: +39 0240 32 6435

We recommend that you make reservations for the high season (May to September) and European holidays as soon as possible. Make reservations up to 3 months in advance. To check availability for the train, contact a booking center or visit a European railway station.

In case a train is fully booked for pass holders you can:

  • Check our alternative routes.

  • Buy a full-fare ticket (saving you a travel day if this is the only train you take that day).


Find out more about reservations

Rail passes for Italy


The Eurail Italy Pass lets you see all of Italy's great cities like Milan, Rome, Venice and Florence.


Rail pass options for Italy

  • Eurail Italy Pass starting from USD$ 156– spend your whole vacation exploring Italy and its 2 islands by rail.

  • Eurail Global Pass starting from USD$ 339 – be free to visit Italy along with the other 27 Eurail countries.

  • Eurail Select Pass starting from USD$ 130 – this 4-country pass combines Italy with bordering countries.

  • Regional Pass – focus on visiting Italy plus 1 other country. Here are your options:
    Eurail Italy-France Pass starting from USD$ 232 – travel around famed French cities like Paris, Nice, and Lyons.
    Eurail Italy-Spain Pass starting from USD$ 232 – visit popular cities like Barcelona, Valencia, and Madrid.
    Eurail Italy-Greece Pass starting from USD$ 215 –  explore capital city Athens and the beautiful Greek islands.


Example route in Italy

Fit in Italy's top cities for a truly memorable taste of "La bella Italia". You can follow the suggested route below using a: Eurail Italy Pass - choose 5 days in 2 months, starting from USD$ 202


1. Milan

Milano is Italy's cosmopolitan and cool northern city with a splendid cathedral and non-stop shopping opportunities.


2. Venice

Venice (Venezia) is a unique city made up of small islands separated by charming canals and linked by bridges.


3. Pisa

Pisa is a must – head straight to Piazza dei Miracoli, home to the leaning tower and other Romanesque buildings.


4. Florence

Florence (Firenze) is Italy's art capital with spectacular galleries showcasing Italy's Renaissance prowess.


5. Rome

Rome (Roma) is brimming with top sites like the Coliseum, St Peter's Basilica and the Vatican Museums.


6. Naples

Naples (Napoli) is just over 1 hour away from Rome – it's rough around the edges and beams with Italian soul.


For more route ideas for your Eurail trip, check out our European highlights itinerary. 

Places to visit in Italy

Dolomites mountains
Dolomites mountains

For the adventurers

Looking for more of a challenge? The Via Ferrata (iron ways) are the steel ladders and fixed cables in the Dolomite mountains (Dolomiti) that make climbing a safe experience for both beginning and advanced climbers. Spread throughout the Dolomites, these climbs offer spectacular views and stimulating challenges. There are many routes and difficulty levels to choose from, so the daredevil inside you is likely to be satisfied. One beautiful route for beginners is accessible by Calalzo train station (about 3 hours from Venice).

From station Calalzo, take a local bus to Santo Stefano di Cadore (about 20 minutes). Expeditions through the Via Ferrata in that region are offered at most difficulty levels.

Statue of  David in Piazza della Signoria, Florence
Statue of David in Piazza della Signoria, Florence

Get close to genius in Florence

Florence offers art lovers the chance to stand in the presence of greatness. Almost all of Italy’s world-famous art pieces are on display there. Visit Michelangelo’s David at the Galleria dell'Accademia di Bella Arti. Next, take in the Uffizi Gallery and especially The Birth of Venus, by Botticelli. When you’re done, enjoy the culinary delights of this world-famous city. Whether you’re an art lover, a history buff or just a curious adventurer, Florence offers a celebration for the eye, and for the palate.

From Florence station Firenze SMN, Michelangelo’s David is only a 15-minute walk away.

Cinque Terre, Italy
Cinque Terre, Italy

Hike and climb in paradise

The Cinque Terre (five lands) includes the five picturesque fishing villages Riomaggiore, Manarola, Monterosso, Vernazza and Corniglia, all situated along the northwest coast of Italy. Nature lovers can hike along the cliff-side trails that connect the villages in a single day, but with the breathtaking scenery, you may want to stay longer.

From Stazione Riomaggiore, you can be in the Cinque Terre National Park in 15 minutes by foot, or even faster with a bus.

Shopping in Milan
Shopping in Milan

Modern magical Milan

Milan is a bustling center of high finance and higher fashion. Skyscrapers blend with historical buildings, and give the city a modern flair combined with an old-world feel. Known for its fabulous nightlife and high-energy pace, Milan is a modern mecca for the young and the young-at-heart. Read about traveling around Italy by train.

The world-famous Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II shopping center is a 20-minute walk from Porta Venezia train station. But take a tram to save energy for all the shopping!

Trevi fountain, Rome
Trevi fountain, Rome

Rome: a royal adventure

Rome, known as the eternal city, offers a feast for the eyes and a festival for the soul. Drop a coin into the famous Trevi fountain, and take in the historical architecture and the unique beauty of this vibrant, ancient metropolis.

The Trevi fountain is a 20-minute walk from Roma Termini train station. And there’s plenty to see on the way.

Carnaval in Venice
Carnaval in Venice

Venice: sailing through the centuries

Venice can feel like the décor of your own fairy tale. Tour the breathtaking cathedrals and spectacular museums that make Venice a truly unique destination. Get lost in the winding streets that hide mystery behind every corner. Or discover Venice as it was meant to be seen – from a gondola. Either way, you’ll find mystery and passion wherever you look.

Vaporetti (city ferries) are the main mode of public transport in Venice. They stop right outside Venice’s Santa Lucia station (Stazione Venezia Santa Lucia).

Events in Italy

Venice Carnival, Venice
Venice Carnival, Venice

Venice Carnival

January 23 - February 9, 2016

Theater, dance and acrobatic performances: the whole of Venice comes alive during Carnavele di Venezia. The traditional masked balls of the festival are known around the world and make for a unique experience.

Get off at Autostazione train station to reach Venice and travel by boat to the different parts of the festival.

Verona Opera Festival, Verona
Verona Opera Festival, Verona

Verona Opera Festival

June 24 - August 28, 2016

Every summer, Verona organizes this operatic delight for your ears and your eyes. The city's ancient Roman amphitheater is the epicenter of this event, which the locals call Arena di Verona.

Verona is less than 90 minutes by train from either Milan (Milano Centrale) or Venice (Venezie Mestre). From Verona central station (Stazione Verona Porta Nuova), the amphitheater is a 20-minute walk or 5-minute cab ride.

Umbria Jazz festival, Perugia
Umbria Jazz festival, Perugia

Umbria Jazz Festival

July 8 - July 17, 2016

If you have a soft spot for jazz, use your Eurail pass to visit the city of Perugia (between Florence and Assisi) in July. The Umbria Jazz Festival is one of the leading jazz events in Europe. A great stop along this Italian scenic route through the Umbrian hills.

The best way to reach the festival site is by foot, 20 minutes from the main station.

Regata Storica, Venice
Regata Storica, Venice

Regata Storica

September 4, 2016

Every year on the first Sunday in September, Venice hosts the Regata Storica, the annual trial of strength and skill for the city's gondoliers and other expert rowers. Venice’s Santa Lucia train station is closest to the action: just walk along the nearby Ponte della Liberta along the water.

Venice is only a 3 hr train ride away from Milan. The only way to get around in Venice is by foot or by boat.

Pass benefits in Italy

Ferry, Italy

Ferry, Italy

Ferry travel

Free and discounted ferry travel is an extra benefit of the Eurail Italy Pass. Get free and discounted ferry travel from mainland Italy to:

  • Sardinia and Sicily (Italy)

  • Spain and the Balearic islands

  • Tunisia

  • Malta

  • Greece


Bus travel

Eurail pass holders also travel for free on this international bus route:

  • Venice  (Venezia) – Villach – Klagenfurt in Austria

See all pass benefits for Italy

More about Italy

Train station of Milan, Italy

Train station of Milan, Italy

Quick facts

  • Capital: Rome

  • Population: 60 million

  • Language: Italian

  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

  • Dialing code: +39

Italian hub stations

Italy's 2 main hub stations are Rome's: Roma Termini and Milan's: Milano Centrale. From these train stations it's possible to connect to trains to most of Italy's main cities.


Station facilities

Stations in Italy usually have excellent facilities, often including:

  • Luggage lockers

  • Foreign exchange desks

  • Restaurants and cafés

  • Tourist information offices

  • ATM cash machines

  • Elevators and escalators

  • Access for disabled passengers

Italian cities on timetables

On Italian train timetables and at train stations you'll usually find the local spelling of Italian cities and stations.


Here is the local spelling of some popular Italian cities:

  • Firenze = Florence

  • Genova = Genoa

  • Milano = Milan

  • Napoli = Naples

  • Padova = Padua

  • Pompei = Pompeii

  • Roma = Rome

  • Sicilia = Sicily (island)

  • Torino = Turin

  • Venezia = Venice

Related pages

- Countries in Europe
- Countries in Europe
- Countries in Europe
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