Germany By Train
Germany is filled with interesting destinations, like the dynamic capital Berlin, the enchanting Neuschwanstein Castle or major cities like Cologne, Hamburg or Munich. You can also explore the dense forests, mountainous regions, river valleys or sea coast. In short – Germany has it all.
Trains types in Germany
- Route map
- Domestic trains
- High-speed trains
- Night trains
- Scenic trains
- Border stations
Regional and intercity trains in Germany
The main rail network in Germany is made up of the following regional trains and intercity trains:
Regional Express trains connect regional destinations with larger cities. It makes frequent stops and connects with high-speed ICE trains.
Regional bahn trains link all local towns. These trains are slower than Regional Express trains.
InterRegional trains connect Germany’s regions.
S-Bahn (suburban trains) is a network of trains that operate within most big cities, including Berlin and Munich.
InterCity trains operate domestically and internationally between key cities. They are slower than the high-speed ICE trains as they make more stops.
High-speed trains in Germany
International high-speed trains in Germany
These high-speed trains operate to and from Germany:
RailJet connects Munich to Vienna, Salzburg (Austria), Prague (Czech Republic) and Budapest (Hungary)
Thalys links Cologne to Paris (France) and Brussels (Belgium)
TGV connects Munich to Paris (France)
ICE connects Frankfurt to Paris (France) and Hamburg to Copenhagen (Denmark)
EuroCity connects Munich to Venice, Verona and Bologna (Italy)
Domestic high-speed trains in Germany
These high-speed trains operate within Germany:
ICE (InterCity Express) is the most popular train in Germany, connecting key cities. These high-speed trains travel at speeds of up to 200 mph (320 km/h).
ICE trains include an on-board restaurant. Snacks and drinks can also be served to your seat. In 1st class there may be extras, like newspapers, power sockets, audio channels and video screens.
Night trains in Germany
The following night trains connect Germany with other European countries:
ÖBB Nightjet (EN)
Connects Germany to key cities in Austria, Italy and Switzerland. Key routes include:
Munich - Salzburg - Florence - Rome
Hamburg – Berlin - Basel - Zürich
Hamburg - Hanover - Vienna
Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt - Vienna
EuroNight Berlin Night Express
Berlin – Malmö
Cologne – Frankfurt – Vienna
EuroNight Kálmán Imre
Munich – Salzburg – Vienna – Budapest
Berlin – Prague – Bratislava – Budapest
Berlin – Prague – Vienna
Munich – Ljubljana – Zagreb
Domestic night trains in Germany
ÖBB Nightjet connects several German cities by night
Hamburg - Berlin - Munich
Düsseldorf - Cologne - Frankfurt/Munich
Train stations of bordering countries
With a Eurail pass valid in Germany you can travel to the following train stations of countries that border Germany:
- Domestic routes
- International routes
- Ferry routes
In Germany it's not mandatory to have a seat reservation on the ICE trains. However, we recommend you to buy a seat reservation, especially if you're traveling in a group. This way you can not be asked to leave a seat, which might happen if you don't have a reservation. We'll explain you more about reservations in Germany a bit further down on this page.
View approximate train travel times between Germany's key cities with high-speed ICE trains.
|From / To||ICE high-speed train|
Berlin - Munich
Berlin - Frankfurt
Berlin - Hamburg
Berlin - Cologne
Hamburg - Frankfurt
Hamburg - Cologne
Hamburg - Munich
Frankfurt - Munich
Frankfurt - Cologne
Munich - Cologne
We suggest the following routes to travel between Germany and other European countries:
Austria – Germany
Travel by day from Munich to Innsbruck (1hr 50min) on EuroCity (EC) trains or to Vienna (4hr 15min) on Austrian RailJet trains.
Belgium – Germany
Travel by day to Brussels from Frankfurt (3hr 15min) with ICE trains.
Czech Republic – Germany
Travel with EuroCity (EC) trains from Berlin to Prague (4hr 40min), or the DB Express Bus from Nuremberg or Munich (3hr 35min).
France – Germany
Travel by ICE from Frankfurt to Paris (4hr), by TGV from Munich (6hr) to Paris.
Italy – Germany
Travel from Munich to Venice (9hr) or Rome (12hr) on the ÖBB Nightjet night train, or travel by day on EuroCity (EC) between Munich and Venice.
Netherlands – Germany
Go by day from Frankfurt (4hr) or Düsseldorf (2hr 10min) with an ICE train.
Poland – Germany
Get to Warsaw (5hr 35min) from Berlin with the Berlin-Warsaw Express.
- Switzerland – Germany
Go by night with ÖBB Nightjet to Zurich from Hamburg (11hr 50min) via Berlin. There are various ICE and InterCity (IC) trains crossing the Swiss border into Germany.
- Denmark – Germany
Travel by ICE and IC to Copenhagen (4hr 45min) or Aarhus (4hr 30min) from Hamburg.
International ferry connections to and from Germany
You can also travel to and from Germany by ferry. Get a discount on specific routes with a Eurail pass.
Finland – Germany
Sail with Finnlines from Rostock or Travemünde to Helsinki (Finland). Get a 30% discount with Eurail passes.
Poland – Germany
Sail from Rostock to Gdynia with Finnlines and get 30% off with Eurail passes.
Sweden – Germany
Travel from Travemünde to Malmö (Sweden) with Finnlines. Get a 20% discount with Eurail passes.
What trains require reservations?
- No reservations: Germany’s regional (RE, RB, IR) trains do not require reservations.
- Optional (but recommended during high-season and holidays): InterCity (IC), EuroCity (EC) and ICE trains
Required: all night trains
Required: trains from and to Denmark in the summer season (about €4, from 18 June until 21 August)
Required: Eurocity (EC) trains to/from/within Italy. Optional for routes that don't start, end or run within Italy
All the trains listed above are included in Eurail passes (where Germany is a chosen country), you only need to make reservations for those trains mentioned. For international trains, the Eurail pass must be valid in all countries the train runs through.
Please note that the number of seats available for Eurail pass holders is limited on the ICE Paris-Frankfurt train. We advise you to reserve this train as far in advance as possible especially during peak season (May-September).
How to make reservations for German trains
You can make reservations for domestic and international high-speed trains and night trains:
Through our Reservation Service.
Through the Rail Planner App
At a ticket desk or self-service machine at local train stations.
Online through the DB website.
Please note that you can only make reservations for domestic trains and international night trains departing or arriving in Germany.
By phone through the Deutsche Bahn call center.
Phone number: +49 1806 996 633
Opening hours: 24/7
When you call, you'll hear a German menu. Select extension "9" for an English menu, then "1" for train information and bookings. This call center does not charge a booking fee. Delivery costs are €3.50 to every country.
You can also pick up your reservations at larger German train stations. Just take the order number you received on the phone, to a ticket window or a 'self-service' machine in the station.
Get your Pass for Germany
German Rail Pass
Germany is not available as a Eurail One Country Pass.
If you only want to travel in Germany, check out the German Rail Pass.
Standard prices from $ 201
Be free to visit Germany along with the other 32 Eurail countries.
Standard prices from $ 191
Get around with the S-Bahn
Eurail Pass holders can travel for free on the S-Bahn (suburban metro railways) networks that DB operates in major German cities. The S-Bahn can be recognized by its logo (a white S on a green background).
Ferry buses to and from Germany
Free bus travel (reservation only) is an extra benefit of the German Rail Pass. Travel from Germany to Italy, France, Switzerland, the Netherlands and many more countries.
Good to know
Population: 81.1 million
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Dialing code: +49
Spelling of city names
On German train timetables and at train stations in Germany, you'll usually find the local spelling of German cities and stations.
Here is the local spelling of some popular German cities:
Hannover = Hanover
Cologne = Köln
Munich = München
Nuremberg = Nürnberg
German hub stations
Germany's main hub stations are Berlin Hbf, Köln Hbf (Cologne), München Hbf (Munich) and Frankfurt Hbf. At these train stations, it's possible to connect to trains to Germany's main cities and many international destinations.
Stations in Germany usually have excellent facilities, often including:
Foreign exchange desks
Restaurants and cafés
Tourist information offices
ATM cash machines
Elevators and escalators
Access for disabled passengers
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