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Italy by Train

Discover the beauty of traveling Italy by train

Traveling Italy by train means you can get everywhere, from the ancient relics of Pompeii to the spectacular Tuscan coastline. Discover the many treasures of Rome and Florence, go shopping in Milan and explore the canals of Venice by gondola. With a Eurail Pass and comfortable Italian trains, the entire country is within your reach!


Train types in Italy

Map with main train connections in Italy
Map with main train connections in Italy

Regional and intercity trains

Trenord regionale (R)

  • Runs through the central northern region of Lombardia, close to Switzerland.

  • No reservations required.

  • Trains between Lecco and Piona are not included in your Pass. 

  • Trains between Milan and Malpensa airport are not included in your Pass.

  • Check train times on the Trenitalia timetable.

InterCity (IC)

  • Connects major cities like Florence, Milan, Rome, and Venice.

  • Faster than regional trains and fewer stops.

  • Reservations are mandatory.


The Leonardo Express

  • An express train between Rome and Fiumicino Airport.

  • All seats are 1st class, therefore a 1st class Interrail Pass is required to travel on this train. If you have a 2nd Class Interrail Pass you will need to buy a ticket.

  • 2nd class Pass holders can travel between Rome and Fiumicino airport with Frecciarossa trains.



Domestic high-speed trains


Le Frecce high-speed trains (formerly known as Eurostar Italia) are modern and comfortable. All trains have air-conditioning, luggage racks, power sockets, refreshments and usually a restaurant car.


Frecciarossa (FR)

  • Connects the main Italian cities from north to south.

  • Reservations are required.


Frecciarossa (FR) to and from Fiumicino Airport (Rome)

  • Fiumicino - Roma Termini
  • Fiumicino - Napoli (via Roma Termini)
  • Fiumicino - Venezia S. Lucia (via Bologna, Florence, Roma Termini)
  • Fiumicino - FLorence (via Roma Termini)
  • Reservations are required.

Frecciargento (FA)

  • Connects Rome to the main cities in the northeast and south of Italy.

  • Reservations are required.

Frecciabianca (FB)

  • Connects Turin and Milan to Italian cities in the northeast of Italy.

  • Reservations are required.

International trains



  • Connects Venice / Verona / Bologna to Munich (Germany), via Innsbruck (Austria)
  • Reservations are optional
  • Mandatory supplement if you are travelling to/from/within Italy. You can purchase it before boarding, but you can also do so on board of the train (for a €5 fee).
    • 1st class: €15
    • 2nd class: €10



  • Connects Milan and Venice to Zurich / Bern / Basel / Geneva (Switzerland)
  • Reservations are mandatory


EuroCity (Express)

  • Connects Milan to Frankfurt (Germany) via Basel (Switzerland)
  • Reservations are mandatory if you're travelling to/from/within Italy.



  • Connects Venice to Vienna
  • Reservations are mandatory



  • Connects Turin / Milan to several cities in France
  • Reservations are mandatory

Domestic night trains:

Travel between the north and south of Italy by night, saving you precious travel time while you sleep. There is a domestic night train operating in Italy


InterCity Notte
  • Milan – Genova – Pisa – Livorno – Salerno – Catania (Sicily).

  • This journey is unique. The train is transported by boat across the Strait of Messina.



International night trains:

Night trains connect Italy with Austria, Germany and Spain, saving you travel time and money. These night trains operate to and from Italy:

ÖBB Nightjet
  • Rome – Florence – Salzburg – Munich

  • Rome - Florence - Bologna - Vienna

  • Livorno - Pisa - Florence - Bologna - Vienna

  • Milan - Verona - Vienna

  • Milan - Verona - Salzburg - Munich

  • Venice - Udine - Salzburg - Vienna

  • Venice - Udine - Salzburg - Munich

Scenic train routes in Italy

There are 2 scenic train routes that cross into Italy:

Bernina Express Chur – Lugano (Switzerland) via Tirano (Italy
Centovalli Railway Locarno (Switzerland) – Domodossola (Italy)


Popular connections

Italy has an extensive high-speed train network, which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system. However, for the high-speed trains you'll need to book a seat reservation. We'll explain you more about reservations a bit further down on this page.


How long does it take to travel by train between Italy's top cities? Check out approximate times for both regional and high-speed Italian trains:


Route High-speed train Regional train
Rome to Florence 1hr 30min 3hr 30min
Rome to Milan 3hr 9hr
Rome to Venice 4hr 8hr
Florence to Milan 2hr 5hr
Florence to Venice 2hr 4hr
Pisa to Florence - 1hr
Venice to Milan - 2hr 30min




  • Take the French SNCF regional train to Ventimiglia on the Italian border, followed by a direct InterCity train to Milan (4hr) or Genova (2hr), where you can connect to trains across Italy.


  • Travel by EuroCity (EC) train direct to Milan from the Swiss cities of Bern (3hr), Geneva (4hr) and Zurich (3hr 30min).

  • Arrive in Venice from Innsbruck (7hr 30min) on the ÖBB Nightjet night train.

  • Take the EuroNight train from Vienna to Milan (14hr), Venice (12hr) or Rome (14hr).

  • There is also a EuroCity day train between Innsbruck and Venice (5hr).

  • Travel for free on MICOTRA trains on the route Udine – Villach.

  • Travel from Munich to Venice (9hr) on the ÖBB Nightjet night train.

  • Travel by day on EuroCity between Munich and Venice.

  • Take a regional train from the Slovenian city of Jessenice to the Italian border town of Gorizia, and connect with another regional train to Trieste (4hr) or Venice (5hr).


  • Travel by ferry from Barcelona in Spain to Civitavecchia and Porto Torres (Sardinia) in Italy with Grimaldi Lines. Get a 20% discount with Eurail Italy Pass.

  • Sail with Minoan Lines from Igoumenitsa or Patras in Greece to Ancona on Italy's Adriatic coast. Get free and discounted travel with a Eurail Italy Pass.

ÖBB Nightjet appears as "EN" in the timetable. InterCity Notte appears on the Eurail timetable as "ICN". On the Trenitalia timetable it is simply listed as "InterCityNotte". You are required to book sleeping accommodation in advance.
On the Eurail timetable shows Frecciarossa trains as "FR", Frecciargento as "FA" and Frecciabianca as "FB". The Trenitalia timetable lists the specific Italian name, e.g. "Frecciarossa". These trains always require a seat reservation.
On the Eurail timetable InterCity trains are listed as "IC", and Trenitalia regional trains as "R". Trenord regional trains are only shown on the Trenitalia timetable and not on the Eurail timetable. They are named "Regionale". Regional trains do not require seat reservations. Reservations are however mandatory for InterCity trains during high season (May - September) and public holidays.



What trains require reservations?

When traveling Italy by train, you may need to reserve seats on trains in advance. As you plan your trip, make a note of which train types you'll take. Use the table below to check whether a seat reservation is needed or not.


All the trains listed in the table below are included in the Eurail Italy Pass so if a reservation is required, you only need to pay the reservation fee.

Trenitalia regional trains
  • Do not require reservations.

InterCity trains
  • You only need to reserve a seat during the busy summer period (May to September) and on public holidays.

Le Frecce high-speed trains
  • Advance reservations required.

Night trains
  • Reservations required.

  • Prices depend on the type of sleeping accommodation you choose.


You can make reservations for domestic and international high-speed trains and night trains:

  • Through the Reservation Service.
    We offer e-tickets for Italian trains - book fast and easy with us!

  • At a ticket desk at a local train station.

Please note that the number of seats available for Eurail Pass holders is limited on the TGV high-speed train from Paris to Milan. Tickets for this route can't be bought at Italian train stations. To book this train, visit the RailEurope office near Milan Central Station (Milano Centrale).

Address: Via Vitruvio 1. 20124 Milano
Phone number: +39 0240 32 6435

We recommend that you make reservations for the high season (May to September) and European holidays as soon as possible. Make reservations up to 3 months in advance. To check availability for the train, contact a booking center or visit a European railway station.

In case a train is fully booked for pass holders you can:

  • Check our alternative routes.

  • Buy a full-fare ticket (saving you a travel day if this is the only train you take that day).


Find out more about reservations

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Get your Pass for Italy

Italy Pass


Spend your whole vacation exploring Italy by rail.


Standard prices from $ 108

Global Pass


Be free to visit Italy along with the other 32 Eurail countries.

Standard prices from $ 191


Pass benefits in Italy

    Ferry, Italy
Ferry, Italy

Ferry travel

Free and discounted ferry travel is an extra benefit of the Eurail Italy Pass. Get free and discounted ferry travel from mainland Italy to:

  • Sardinia and Sicily (Italy)

  • Spain

  • Greece


Bus travel

Eurail Pass holders also travel for free on this international bus route:

  • Venice  (Venezia) – Villach – Klagenfurt in Austria

See all Pass benefits for Italy

Tips and tricks for Italy

Quick facts

  • Capital: Rome

  • Population: 60 million

  • Language: Italian

  • Currency: Euro (EUR)

  • Dialing code: +39


Italian cities on timetables

On Italian train timetables and at train stations you'll usually find the local spelling of Italian cities and stations.


Here is the local spelling of some popular Italian cities:

  • Florence = Firenze

  • Genoa = Genova

  • Milan = Milano

  • Naples = Napoli

  • Padua = Padova

  • Pompeii = Pompei

  • Rome = Roma

  • Sicily (island) = Sicilia

  • Turin = Torino

  • Venice = Venezia

Italian hub stations

Italy's 2 main hub stations are Rome's: Roma Termini and Milan's: Milano Centrale. From these train stations it's possible to connect to trains to most of Italy's main cities.


Station facilities

Stations in Italy usually have excellent facilities, often including:

  • Luggage lockers

  • Foreign exchange desks

  • Restaurants and cafés

  • Tourist information offices

  • ATM cash machines

  • Elevators and escalators

  • Access for disabled passengers


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